By Kyle J. Norton
Obesity is a medical and chronic condition caused by long-term excessive body fat accumulated. Overweight is a condition of excess body weight relative to height.
According to the Body Mass Index(BMI), people who have a BMI between 25 to 29.9 is considered overweight and a BMI of over 30 is an indication of obesity.
According to the statistic, 68% of the American population is either overweight or obese. However,
in 2016, more than 1.9 billion adults, 18 years and older, were overweight, and over 650 million were obese worldwide.
Most common causes of obesity are associated with an increased intake of energy-dense foods that are high in saturated and trans fat, processed foods and red meat and physical inactivity.
The WHO in the explanation of the causes of obesity wrote, “Changes in dietary and physical activity patterns are often the result of environmental and societal changes associated with development and lack of supportive policies in sectors such as health, agriculture, transport, urban planning, environment, food processing, distribution, marketing, and education”.
Certain medical conditions such as hypothyroidism, polycystic ovary syndrome, Cushing’s syndrome,…, genetic preposition and use of certain medications that can cause weight gain or water retention, such as corticosteroids, antidepressants or some seizure medications, also increases the risk of overweight and obesity.
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are a class of conditions associated with the dysfunction of the arteries and heart, affecting the heart functioning.
According to the statistics provided by the CDC, heart disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women. Men are associated with 1/2 of the deaths due to heart disease in 2015, comapred to women.
On another hand, stroke is a medical condition caused by poor blood flow to the brain, leading to brain cell death in the affected region.
Dr. Luma Akil, the lead scientist in the investigation the risk of CVD in obese wrote, “Obesity is among the leading causes of elevated cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality and morbidity. In the present study, the associations between the increase in body mass index (BMI) and the increasing rates of CVD and high blood pressure (HBP)”.
And, “ Data from Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System were obtained and analyzed for obesity rates, percent of myocardial infarction, stroke, and HBP from 2005–2009″.
In other words, if you are obese, your risk CVD are substantially higher comapred to non-obese individuals
Green bean is a genus of Phaseolus Sensu Stricto, containing 55 difference species, belong to the family Fabaceae and native to the New World tropics and grown in Europe for its attractive flowers and fleshy immature pods. It can be classified into two major groups, bush beans, and pole beans.
On finding a potent whole food which process anti-anti-obesity activity, researchers examined the effect of edible dry bean consumption (Phaseolus vulgaris L. including green beans) modulates diet-induced obesity in rats and mice.
Sprague-Dawley rats and a diet-induced obesity model in C57Bl/6 mice included in the vivo suggested, cooked dry bean showed a positive modulation of plasma lipids and hepatic proteins that involves in lipid biosynthesis.
In both animal species, short-term feeding of a bean-containing diet demonstrated a reduced plasma total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol without affecting HDL-cholesterol or total TAG associated with the target of cholesterol catabolism and excretion.
More importantly, bean-fed obese mice displayed a significant weight loss within a 12 d time frame.
In other words, dry beans injection in a short-term of 7-14 day ) not only had a strong effect on weight regulatory effects but also exerted a cardioprotective against CVD obese mice.
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Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it’s news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Disilgold.com Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada – Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.
(1) Edible dry bean consumption (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) modulates cardiovascular risk factors and diet-induced obesity in rats and mice by Zhu Z1, Jiang W, Thompson HJ. (PubMed)
(2) Relationships between Obesity and Cardiovascular Diseases in Four Southern States and Colorado by Luma Akil, PhD-C, Candidate and H. Anwar Ahmad, Ph.D., MBA, MCIS. (PMC)