Healthy Food Cucumber Reduces Pain and Symptoms of Osteoarthritis

By Kyle J. Norton

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic condition affecting the joints in the hands, knees, hips, and spine mostly occurred in older adults.

More precisely, OA is a result in which the protective cartilage on the ends of your bones wears down over time due to repetitive movement of the same joints that cause the thinning cartilage, leading to bone rubbing on bone.

According to the statistics, in the US, over 25 million people are living with OA.
The precisive characteristics of osteoarthritis are aching pain(5), stiffness(6), or difficulty of moving the joint or joints(7). The pain usually gets worse in a change of weather, at night and in the advanced diseases, the pain can occur even at rest(8). 
Today management of osteoarthritis (OA) focuses on pain relief and improved physical function through pharmacological, nonpharmacological, and surgical treatments(4).
Believe it or not, other causes of OA also include
1. Process of wear and repair
Osteoarthritis (OA), widespread degenerative disease of skeletal joints(34) and is often associated with senescence invertebrates. arising from long term wear and tear, heavy long-term use or specific injuries(35). 
The improper repair process of injuring of joints can also result in symptoms of Osteoarthritis (OA)(36) in old age(37), according to TCM.

2. Nutrient deficiency and overload
Poor nutritional conditions experienced early in life are linked to the greater prevalence of osteoarthritis (OA)(35)(38), such as vitamin D. 

On the other hand, nutrient overload and metabolic surplus, such as obesity may contribute to the early onset of osteoarthritis (OA)(38).

3. Cartilage
Cartilage is a flexible connective tissue cushioned the ends of bones in your joints and allowed the joints to move smoothly. Rough or wears down cartilage due to aging or damage can cause pain due to the bone in the joint rubbing against another bone(39)(40).

In other words, osteoarthritis (OA) may also be the result of injuring (35), overuse(15)(16), Rheumatoid Arthritis(41), etc.

The cucumber plant is a species of Cucumis Sativus, belongs to the family Cucurbitaceae and native to Western Asia. It is a creeping vine with roots in the ground and grows up with the support of frames.

With an aim to find a potential compound for the treatment of osteoarthritis, researchers evaluated the efficacy of Q-Actin™, an aqueous extract of Cucumis sativus (cucumber; CSE) against glucosamine-chondroitin (GC) in the management of moderate knee OA.

The randomized double-blind, parallel-group clinical trial that took place in three different centers. included 122 patients (56 males and 66 females) aged between 40 and 75 years and diagnosed with moderate knee OA assigned to 2 groups (n= 61).

Among the groups, the GC group received orally the generally prescribed dose of 1,350 mg of GC twice daily and the CSE group received orally10 mg twice daily of CSE.
According to the assays, on days 30, 60, 90, 120, 150, and 180 compared to the baseline (Day 0), the WOMAC score  in the CSE group was decreased by 22.44% and 70.29% on days 30 and 180, respectively, compared to a 14.80% and 32.81% respectively decrease in the GC group.
The pain scores also showed similar trends in flavor to the CSE group. There was no adverse effect on the course of the experiment.
In other words, CSE is more effective for the treatment of OA compared to that of GC.
Dr. the lead scientists wrote, “The use of 10 mg CSE, twice daily, was effective in reducing pain related to moderate knee OA and can be potentially used in the management of knee pain, stiffness, and physical functions related to OA”.

Taken altogether, cucumber extract may be used for the treatment of OA, pending to the confirmation of the larger sample size and multicenter human study.

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Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)

Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it’s news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Disilgold.com Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada – Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.

Sources
(1) Effectiveness of Cucumis sativus extract versus glucosamine-chondroitin in the management of moderate osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled trial by Nash RJ1, Azantsa BK2, Sharp H1, Shanmugham V. (PubMed)
(2) Most Common Disease of elder: The Clinical Trials and Studies of musculoskeletal disorders(MSDs) – Osteoarthritis: The Causes and Risk Factors by Kyle J. Norton