Herbal Coltsfoot(Tussilago farfara) Protects the Lung Against Tuberculosis (TB)

By Kyle J. Norton

The lung is a vital organ located near the backbone on either side of the heart with major functions to inhale oxygen from the air to the bloodstream that nourishes the body cells and exhale carbon dioxide from the bloodstream.

Other functions of the lung are to maintain the right levels of pH, filter out blood clots, protect the heart against shock, infection, and speech.

Tuberculosis (TB) is a contagious disease caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

The bacteria attacked the lung tissue, leading to the significantly reduced function of the lung in the inhaling and exhaling.
The disease is also found to cause major damage to other parts of the body.

According to statistic, 25% of the world’s population is infected with TB. In 2016, 10.4 million people around the world became sick with the disease-inducing the death of  1.7 million people.

Most common signs and symptoms of TB are associated with reduced lung function, including coughing that lasts a long period of time, coughing up blood, chest pain, particularly in breathing or coughing, fatigue, fever, night sweats, and chills.
Some patients may also experience symptoms of unintended weight loss.
Conventionally, the length of treatment of TB depending on the severity of the disease takes longer compared to other infections with at least six months of antibiotics intake, including Isoniazid, Rifampin (Rifadin, Rimactane) and Ethambutol (Myambutol).
Coltsfoot(Tussilago farfara) is a perennial herbaceous plant, genus Tussilago, belongings to the family Asteraceae, native to Europe and Asia. The herb has been used over thousands of year to treat asthma, various coughs, bronchial congestion, respiratory disorders, headaches and obstruction in the nasal passage, etc.

On finding a potential compound which processes antitubercular activity, researchers examined the effect of Arctium lappa and Tussilago farfara extracts for activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

In Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv, according to the tested analysis, the ethyl acetate extract of Tussilago farfara displayed antitubercular activity with a MIC of 62.5 μg/mL.

The anti-tuberculosis property of Tussilago farfara against the Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv was attributed to the compounds including mixture of β sitosterol/stigmasterol (4), trans-caffeic acid (7), kaempferol (8), quercetin (9), kaempferol-3-O-glucoside (10), loliolide (11), a (4:1) mixture of p-coumaric acid/4-hydroxybenzoic acid (12), p-coumaric acid (13). in the extract.

In compound comparison, the best anti-tuberculosis activity was observed in the p-coumaric acid (13) (MIC 31.3 μg/mL or 190.9 μM) alone and in mixture with 4-hydroxybenzoic acid (12) (MIC 62.5 μg/mL).

Based on the findings, researchers aid, “The above results provide for the first time some scientific evidence to support, to some extent, the ethnomedicinal use of Arctium lappa and Tussilago farfara as traditional antitubercular remedies.”.

Taken altogether, coltsfoot may be considered a remedy for the treatment of tuberculosis, pending to the confirmation of the larger sample size and multicenter human study.

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Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)

Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it’s news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Disilgold.com Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada – Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.

Sources
(1) The antitubercular activity of Arctium lappa and Tussilago farfara extracts and constituents by Zhao J1, Evangelopoulos D2, Bhakta S2, Gray AI1, Seidel V. (PubMed)