Onion, the Best in the Management of Surgical Wounds

By Kyle J. Norton

Surgery is a medical practice that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate or treat an injury or disease

The aim of the medical procedure is to promote bodily function,

Most common types of surgery in the US
* Appendectomy is the common surgery that removes the appendix in patients with acute inflammation of the appendix due to infection.

* Breast biopsy. A biopsy that removes breast tissue to diagnose cancer.
* Carotid endarterectomy is used to remove the blockage from carotid arteries
* Cataract surgery is to remove the cloudy lens and replace it with a clear artificial lens.
* Cesarean section or c-section help to deliver a baby by making an incision through the mother’s abdomen and uterus.
* Cholecystectomy is a surgery that to remove the gallbladder.
The Atlantic General Hospital in examining the benefits and risk of surgery wrote, 
“Benefits of having surgery
• Prevention of or improvements to medical conditions caused by a patient’s obesity
• Surge in energy
• Increased life expectancy
• Increased self-esteem
• Weight loss 
Risks to having surgery:
• A blood clot in a vein (Deep venous thrombosis or DVT)
• Bleeding or infection
• Bowel obstruction caused by scar tissue
• Leakage of fluid (if opting for gastric banding)
• Adverse reaction to anesthesia
• Nausea and Vomiting
• Band slippage (if opting for gastric banding)
• Gallstones
• The overall risk of death”.
Please make sure that you discuss all the health benefits and risk of having surgery with your surgeon ahead of the operation.

The onion is a plant in the genus Allium, belonging to the family Alliaceae, a close relation of garlic. It is often called the “king of vegetables” because of its pungent taste and found in a large number of recipes and preparations spanning almost the totality of the world’s cultures. 
Depending on the variety, an onion can be sharp, spicy, tangy, pungent, mild or sweet.

On finding a natural compound for the reducing scar after surgery, researchers investigated the effects of onion extract-based topical gel (Mederma, Merz Pharmaceuticals, Greensboro, NC, USA) that has been marketed as a product to improve scar appearance and texture.

The randomized, double-blinded, split-scar study including 24 patients with new surgical wounds of at least 4 cm in length was divided into two equal portions with each half treated by either onion extract gel or petrolatum ointment at the time of suture removal by applying three times daily for 8 weeks.

By comparing the efficacy between the onion extract gel and a petrolatum-based emollient (Aquaphor, Beiersdorf, Inc., Wilton, CT, USA), researchers at the Harvard Medical School showed that
* According to patients evaluated at 2, 8, and 12 weeks following initiation of treatment and a follow-up telephone interview conducted at least 11 months postoperatively, onion extract gel improved the wound healing compared to those of petrolatum-based topical agents.
* According to the paired t-test and the Wilcoxon signed rank test at the end of the experiment, there was no statistically significant difference (p < .1) between the two treatment groups.

In other words, onion extract-based topical gel demonstrated a similar effect as those of petrolatum ointment but did not improve scar cosmesis or symptomatology.

Where Petrolatum ointment has been used in standard therapy in the management of postoperative wounds.

Taken altogether, onion may be considered a remedy in the management of postoperative wounds, pending to the confirmation of the larger sample size and multicenter human study.

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Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)

Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it’s news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Disilgold.com Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada – Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.

Sources
(1) Onion extract gel versus petrolatum emollient on new surgical scars: prospective double-blinded study by Chung VQ1, Kelley L, Marra D, Jiang SB. (PubMed)
(2) Risks & Benefits of Surgery by The Atlantic General Hospital